() President Afewerki Isaias Afewerki was elected president of independent Eritrea by the national assembly in 1993. He had been the de facto leader before independence. Presidential elections, planned for 1997, at no time materialised.
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Next defeating the Ethiopian military government in May 1991, Eritrea functioned as a distinct political unit. Between the end of the war in May 1991 and the celebration of Independence Day in May 1993, the EPLF formed a provisional government to run the country. The provisional government was comprised of a 28-member executive council. This provisional government organized elections